Kingdom : Animalia
                   Class : Aves
                Family : Spheniscidae
 Scientific Name : Pygoscelis adeliae

                 Group : Bird
                Colour : Black with 
                                white chest
           Skin Type : Feathers
              Size (H) : 40cm - 75cm 
                                 (16in - 30in)

          Wing span : 35cm - 70cm
                                 (14in - 27.5in)
                Weight : 3kg - 6kg 
                                  (7lbs - 13lbs)
          Top Speed : 72kph (45mph)
           Life Span : 10 - 20 years

Most Distinctive
              Feature : Small white  
                               circle around
                               each eye
           Fun Fact : Eats up to 2kg 
                               of food per day!
  1. There are only two species of Penguins found on the Antarctic mainland.
  2. The smaller of the two species is the Adelie Penguin.
  3. They are easy to identify with a blue-black back and white belly and chest.
  4. Their strong feet help them in climbing rocky cliffs and rowing on the ice.
  5. They migrate northwards in the winters and go southwards for summers.
  6. Adelie penguins are very sociable and gather in large colonies.
  7. Their largest colony is in Ross Island with more than half a million penguins.
  8. They communicate amongst themselves with specific eye movements and their body language.
  9. Though not territorial, they may get aggressive over their nesting sites.
  10. They hunt in groups to avoid falling prey to their predators.
  11. Adelie Penguin pairs mate in large colonies in November and December.
  12. They take turns to incubate their eggs and to look after their young ones.
  13. At 2-3 months the chicks form groups called crèches and start fending for themselves.
  14. The Adelie Penguins mainly feed on Krill, squid and small fish.
  15. Their most feared predators are the Leopard Seal and the Killer Whale.
  16. On an average, they consume around 2Kgs of food in a day.
  17. They have tooth shaped barbs which help them swallow their slippery prey.
  18. A thick layer of fat under their skin, keeps them warm
  19. Extra protection and a waterproof layer is provided by their feathers.

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