Kingdom : Animalia
                           Class : Aves
                        Family : Spheniscudae
         Scientific Name : Megadyptes 

                       Size(H) : 60cm - 75cm 
                                       (24in - 30in)
                       Weight : 5kg - 8kg 
                                       (11lbs - 18lbs)
                  Life Span : 10 - 20 years
                      Colour : Black, White, Grey,
                                       Brown, Yellow

                 Skin Type : Feathers
Distinctive Features : Bright yellow head-
                                      band and pink 
                                      coloured feet
  1. The Yellow-Eyed Penguin is a unique bird found in the islands of New Zealand.
  2. They are identified by their yellow irises and a yellow band around their heads.
  3. Yellow-Eyed Penguins are large birds and females are slightly smaller than the males.
  4. They are usually Piscivores and eat a variety of seafood like fishes and crustaceans.
  5. They are expert divers, leaving their nests and venturing out to sea for fishing.
  6. But they always return to their homes and are hence called as Philopatric.
  7. They normally breed between August-September and the pair stays together for life.
  8. Their clutch size is 1-2 eggs and usually only one egg hatches.
  9. The egg is incubated by both parents and incubation period is 39 – 51 days.
  10. Chicks are looked after by both parents until they become independent after a year.
  11. Chicks have soft and dull down and acquire the characteristic feathers only after moulting.
  12. Yellow-Eyed Penguins are called as Hoiho in the local language.
  13. They are a major tourist attraction in New Zealand today.
  14. They are also featured on the reverse side of New Zealand’s five dollar note.
  15. These birds are threatened by habitat loss, global warming, hunting and pollution.
  16. Their main predators include dogs, cats, weasels and foxes.
  17. Yellow-Eyed Penguins can live for about 10 – 20 years.
  18. They are difficult to breed in captivity and hence must be protected in the wild.

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