Kingdom : Animalia
                          Class : Insecta
                       Family : Lucanidae
        Scientific Name : Lucanidae
                      Size(L) : 5cm - 12cm 
                                       (2in - 4.8in)

   Average Life Span : 3 - 5 months
                      Colour : Black, Brown, Green,
                                      Blue, White, Yellow
                 Skin Type : Shell
Distinctive Features : Hard, armoured shell 
                                      and large pincers
  1. Stag beetles are a species of beetle that are found in Europe.
  2. They are the largest insects to be found in the United Kingdom.
  3. They grow to an average length of 5-12cm.
  4. Their body is divided into three parts and is covered by a hard, armored shell for protection.
  5. Distinctively, they have long pincers protruding from their head which look like antlers.
  6. These pincers are used by the stag beetles for holding their prey.
  7. The male stag beetles have longer pincers than their female counterparts
  8. They inhabit the deciduous forests and woodlands where they have plenty of food and cover.
  9. Their wings are hidden under their shell, when not in use.
  10. They are omnivores, feeding on leaves, nectar, decaying wood, fruits, flowers and small insects.
  11. The stag beetle larvae feed on decaying wood whereas adults feed on nectar.
  12. Their natural predators are rats, bats, birds, other rodents, cats, foxes and dogs.
  13. They breed during the summers and the female stag beetles lay their eggs.
  14. After the eggs hatch, the larvae stay in the infant stage for periods varying from a few months to a few years.
  15. Once they get to the adult stage of life, they live for only a few months
  16. As the stag beetles are threatened by habitat loss, they are a protected species in the United Kingdom.

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